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SPED & 504 Laws

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Individualized Educational Plan (IEP)

An IEP outlines the services, supports, and special education teaching that a student requires to succeed in school.



The Local Education Agency (LEA) for your child's school must use various assessment tools and strategies to gather information about your child's needs, including information from you that you think is important to share. Additionally, the assessment used for evaluation must not be discriminatory and should be provided in your child's native language if possible. 

Individualized Accommodation Plan (IAP) aka (504 Plan)

A federal statute that mandates schools to make reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities includes Section 504. These modifications can help with both short-term and long-term issues. For kids to be eligible for 504 accommodations, their symptoms must substantially limit one or more major activities of daily living.

Major Life Activities


  • Self-care                                    

  • Manual tasks

  • Walking

  • Vision

  • Speaking

  • Sitting

  • Thinking

  • Learning

  • Breathing

  • Interacting with others

  • Working

  • Reading

  • Standing

  • Lifting

  • Bending

  • Concentrating


What services are available for students with disabilities under Section 504? 

According to Section 504 requirements, a student with a disability may receive special education and related services in regular classrooms with or without extra services. Compliance is not optional; schools must adhere to 504 mandates. If you believe the school is not compliant, please contact the Office of Civil Rights (OCR). 

Who's on the IEP & IAP team?

  • You, as the child's parent or guardian 

  • Your child (when appropriate) 

  • A special education teacher or other special education provider 

  • A general education teacher (when appropriate) 

  • A school nurse (when appropriate) 

  • A representative of the LEA who is knowledgeable about specially designed instruction, curriculum, and LEA resources. 

  • Other people whom you or the LEA wish to invite.


You have the right to be notified of the meeting in advance and to have the meeting at a time and place that is convenient for you. 

The content on this page is provided solely for informational purposes only. Please contact an attorney should you need legal advice.

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